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The Berlin Codex

The Codex of Akhmim, also called the Berlin Codex, is a Coptic manuscript from the 5th century AD, discovered in Akhmim, Egypt, and was issued the accession number Papyrus Berolinensis 8502. Carl Reinhardt, in January 1896 purchased the newly uncovered codex, which was covered in feathers inside an enclosure the wall at a Christian burial ground in Cairo.

Dating back to the early 5th century, perhaps the late 4th century, the codex was a papyrus bound book written in Coptic’s Sahidic dialect and was widely used in Egypt during that time. 16 July 1896, It was taken to the Berliner Museen in Berlin, where Carl Schmidt put it to the attention of the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences.

In 1903, the Act of Peter was revised by Schmidt; however, the Berlin Codex’s gnostic contents were not entirely translated until the year 1955. It was reckoned to by few people until the 1970s when a new set of early Christian scholars became increasingly involved in the finding of the most prominent collection of early Gnostic Christian documents that were found in 1945 at Nag Hammadi.

Berlin Codex is a single-quire Coptic codex that bound with wooden boards and covered with leather that is not parchment or alum-tawed skin, neither does it looks like brown leather.

In the Berlin Codex, four texts are bound together. All are Coptic translations of Greek pieces. The first is a disconnected Gospel of Mary; it was in two parts, which was the major manuscript source. The manuscript is an earlier Greek original that was translated to Coptic. Although the pages still in existence are well preserved, however, the text is not complete. This is known certainly from to findings, assuming that the codex starts with the Gospel of Mary, which has nineteen pages, but pages 1–6 and 11-14 are entirely lost. The Sophia of Jesus Christ, Apocryphon of John, prototype of the Act of Peter are also included in The Codex. These are texts discussed along with the earlier texts from Nag Hammadi.

Updated On May 01, 2020