Hermopolis MagnaThis ancient town was actually the center of the worship of Thoth, the god of wisdom and writing in ancient Egypt. It lies on the western bank of the Nile, near modern Malawi, south of Minya. The Ptolemies later named it Hermopolis Manga who linked their own god Hermes with Thoth. Therefore, the name Hermopolis is actually derived from the Ptolemaic god; Hermes.
Most of the religious buildings here date back to the Middle and New Kingdoms. Many buildings were made from stone blocks taken from Akhetaten (now Tell el-Amarna) when the monotheistic cult of Akhenaten was abandoned in the second half of the 14th century BCE.
There are the remains of a temple of Thoth and even smaller remains of a temple of Amon. Among the few things still standing here is a pair of colossi of Thoth as a baboon.
The most impressive structure today dates to the 5th century CE and is a Christian basilica. Near Hermopolis lies the cemetery known as Tuna el-Gebel, where a labyrinth and catacombs have been found, which were used in the cults.
The area of Hermopolis has only been partly excavated. The poor condition of the town today relates largely to it being built on a low level, thereby victim to the annual floodings of the Nile.