Madrassa & Mausoleum of as-Salih Ayyub
Mausoleum of As-Salih Negm El Din Ayyub
Having served as the high court during Mamluk era, this 12th-century complex is known to have produced several influential Cairo judges through its theological school. It has been in existence right from the Ayyubids era, which was the ruling dynasty established by Saladin (Salah ad-Din).
There is an abutting tomb that serves as the final residence of Sultan Ayyub, and which was built in 1250 by his Shagarat al-Durr – his Turkic wife – after his death. The tomb was kept a secret because Shagarat wanted to keep the French crusader armies residing in Damietta then from taking advantage of the Sultan’s demise.
She eventually defeated the Crusaders, and subsequently became the ruler – the Sultana. She was in power until the Mamluk era, when the Turkic janissaries took power.