History Of Sharm El-Sheikh
The History of Sharm El-Sheikh
Surprisingly the presence of humankind in Sinai began more than 8000 years ago when the searchers during the Bronze Age explored Sinai to look for their new valuable metal.
With the establishment of the dynastic era in the ancient Egyptian history when King Menes unified Southern and Northern Egypt in one kingdom, the kings of the Pharaohs recognized the importance of South Sinai as an important mining region for different types of metal.
In fact, there are ruins of some ancient quarries which are still present to the North of Sharm El Sheikh near the city of Dahab. During the 15th century BC, Moses led the Israelites through the wild deserts of Sinai. The Moses Mountain, situated near the Saint Catharine Monastery was where Moses received the messages of God.
When the Romans took control of Egypt during the 5th century AD, many Egyptian Christians resorted to South Sinai to escape the oppression of the Roman emperors and they established the Saint Catharine Monastery, the first monastery to be founded in the whole world and it is still operating until today.
During the Islamic period in Egypt, Sinai became an important transit point for the travelers coming from Egypt to Mecca for pilgrimage. These passengers even found some small towns to serve their needs during their long journey.
The Egyptian-Israeli conflicts dominate the contemporary history of Sinai. With the break of the first war between the two parties in 1967, Sinai fell under the control of Israel before Egypt regain control over the peninsula after the war or October 1973.
In 1978, when Anwar El Sadat, the former president of Egypt signed the Camp David peace treaty with Israel, this marked a turning point in the history of Sinai as the area knew the modern meaning of tourism, camping, fishing, and even some simple diving and snorkeling activities. The city of Sharm El Sheikh was actually established in the period from 1967 to 1970 over a high rocky spur.
The word Sharm means the bay. When the word Sheikh refers most probably to one of the old leaders of the Bedouin tribes who still reside in and around the city of Sharm El Sheikh, a word which can be translated into “the Bay of old man” or “the bay of the tribe leader”
Today Sharm El Sheikh, served by one of the important airports of Ras Nasrani has become the most popular resort situated on the Red Sea. With all that the city has to offer, Sharm El Sheikh nowadays is the star of Sinai and the melting point of many civilizations.