Tomb Of General Horemheb




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Tomb Of General Horemheb

Horemheb built a tomb for himself at Saqqara while he was a general and regent of the young Tutankhamun. He was later to be buried in his royal tomb in the Valley of the Kings at Thebes (KV57) after succeeding Ay as the last pharaoh of Dynasty XVIII.

For this reason, he left his grand Saqqara tomb for the burials of his anonymous first wife and his second wife Queen Mutnodjmet.

His tomb was excavated over four seasons between 1975 and 1978 by Geoffrey Martin’s expedition. Their work revealed a vast complex built in three stages of construction, resembling a cult or mortuary temple. The tomb is approached by way of a once massive pylon and a paved columned courtyard, but many of the original reliefs from here were destroyed.

A statue room and second courtyard lead to three chapels at the rear of the structure. Remaining wall reliefs have provided archaeologists with a huge quantity of information about the historical situation at the end of Dynasty XVIII and particularly of Horemheb’s military career.

Horemheb’s tomb has been superbly restored, with many replica reliefs cast from blocks in museums, but is not yet generally open to visitors. The first pylon and forecourt were explored by the Leiden Mission in the season 2004-2005