Egypt Weather Guide

Egypt Weather Guide

Understanding Egypt's Climate

Egypt’s climate is predominantly arid, featuring hot summers, mild winters, and very little rainfall throughout the year. However, the weather can vary significantly between the coastal regions, the Nile Delta, and the desert areas.

Coastal Areas (Mediterranean Coast)

Summer (June to August)

Warm with temperatures ranging from 22°C (72°F) to 30°C (86°F). The sea breeze makes the coastal areas more comfortable than the interior.

Winter (December to February)

Mild and rainy, with temperatures ranging from 10°C (50°F) to 18°C (64°F). This is the wettest season for places like Alexandria but still relatively dry compared to other parts of the world.

Cairo & the Nile Delta


Hot and dry, with temperatures often exceeding 35°C (95°F) during the day. Nights are cooler, providing some relief.


Mild and somewhat cooler, with daytime temperatures around 18°C (64°F) to 22°C (72°F). Nights can be cool, requiring a light jacket.

Southern Egypt & the Nile Valley (Luxor, Aswan)


Extremely hot, with daytime temperatures reaching 40°C (104°F) or higher. It’s essential to stay hydrated and avoid outdoor activities during peak sun hours.


Warm and pleasant, with temperatures ranging from 14°C (57°F) to 26°C (79°F), making it the ideal time for visiting ancient sites.

Desert Areas (Western Desert, Sinai Peninsula)

Daytime: Can be extremely hot in summer, with temperatures soaring above 40°C (104°F).

Nighttime: Temperatures drop significantly, especially in winter, which can be surprisingly cold, sometimes nearing freezing.

Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit Egypt is during the cooler months from October to April. The weather is pleasant across the country, making it ideal for exploring ancient monuments and enjoying the Red Sea resorts. December to February is peak tourist season, especially in Luxor and Aswan, where the weather is warm and sunny, perfect for Nile cruises.

Travel Tips Based on Weather

  • Summer Visits: Start your day early to beat the heat. Wear light, breathable clothing, a wide-brimmed hat, sunglasses, and apply sunscreen regularly.
  • Winter Visits: Bring a mix of clothing. Days are warm, but nights can be cool, especially in the desert. A light jacket or sweater will be necessary.
  • Staying Hydrated: Regardless of the season, keep hydrated by drinking plenty of water, especially when touring outdoor sites.


Egypt’s weather significantly influences the travel experience, from deciding when to visit to choosing what to pack. By understanding the climate patterns and preparing accordingly, you can ensure a comfortable and enjoyable trip to this enchanting land of ancient wonders and natural beauty. Whether basking in the sun by the Mediterranean, exploring the majestic pyramids of Giza, or cruising down the Nile, Egypt’s weather is a key companion in your journey through time and culture.

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