Mediterranean secret

History of Marsa Matruh

Marsa Matruh, a city with a rich historical tapestry, is not only a popular tourist destination but also a place steeped in history. Here’s an overview of Marsa Matruh’s historical journey:

  1. Ancient Times and Alexander the Great
    • Initially a small fishing town during Ancient Egyptian times, the city was known as Amunia.
    • It gained prominence during the reign of Alexander the Great.
  2. Era of the Ptolemaic Kingdom and Byzantine Empire
    • In the Ptolemaic era, Marsa Matruh was known as Paraitónion in Koine Greek.
    • Later, during the Byzantine Empire, it continued to be an important location.
  3. Roman Era
    • Under Roman rule, the city was named Paraetonium in Latin.
    • It became a crucial harbor for trade, facilitating the shipping of goods and crops to Rome.
  4. World War II Significance
    • During World War II, Marsa Matruh was strategically significant for the British Army, which had the Baggush Box to the east of the city.
    • The city’s railway, extended from Fuka in 1936, played a key role in transportation and logistics during the war.
  5. Tourism and Modern Development
    • Today, Marsa Matruh is a major tourist resort, attracting visitors from Europe and Cairo.
    • Known for its soft white sand beaches, calm transparent waters, and natural breakwater formed by rocks.
    • The city is serviced by Marsa Matruh International Airport, enhancing its accessibility.
  6. Archaeological Significance
    • The region has ruins of a temple dedicated to Ramesses II, dating back to 1200 BC, indicating its historical importance long before the Ptolemaic and Roman eras.

In summary, Marsa Matruh’s history, from its beginnings as a small fishing town to a significant port during the Roman era and a strategic location during World War II, illustrates its importance in various historical contexts. Today, it is not just a beautiful coastal resort but also a city with a deep historical and cultural legacy, attracting tourists and history enthusiasts alike.

Created On March 25, 2020

Updated On January 28, 2024

A bustling beach scene with people enjoying the sun along a rocky coastline, overlooking vibrant blue waters
Where the land meets the sea, a perfect day unfolds under the clear sky
A black and white fish swims above vibrant coral in clear blue water
Life beneath the waves: a lone fish glides over a coral haven

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