Sacred History

St. Catherine Travel Guide

Saint Catherine of Alexandria, also known as the Great Martyr Saint Catherine, is a revered figure in both the Catholic and Orthodox Christian traditions. Her story, though lacking primary historical sources, has been kept alive through centuries of Christian tradition, affirming her significance and the impact of her life.

Birth and Early Life

Catherine was born around 287 AD in Alexandria, Egypt, a city renowned for its cultural and intellectual prowess. Believed to be of noble birth, possibly even a princess, she received an excellent education, becoming an accomplished scholar at a young age. Around fourteen, she reportedly had a profound vision of the Virgin Mary and the infant Jesus, which led her to embrace Christianity.

Conversion and Intellectual Triumph

As a teenager, Catherine was known for her intelligence and eloquence. During the reign of Emperor Maxentius, a known persecutor of Christians, Catherine courageously confronted him to denounce his actions. Maxentius, instead of executing her, arranged a debate between her and fifty orators and philosophers, hoping to outwit her. However, Catherine, filled with the Holy Spirit, spoke so convincingly that she converted several of her adversaries to Christianity, leading to their immediate execution.

Imprisonment and Martyrdom

Failing to subdue her through debate, Maxentius resorted to torture and imprisonment. Despite enduring severe torture, Catherine’s faith remained unshaken. Her imprisonment became widely known, attracting many visitors, including, according to legend, the emperor’s wife, Valeria Maximilla, who was converted by Catherine. This conversion, however, is not historically verified and is considered part of the legend.

Maxentius, in a final attempt to sway her, proposed marriage, offering her the status of empress. Catherine refused, declaring her spiritual marriage to Jesus Christ and her dedication to virginity. Angered, Maxentius ordered her execution on a breaking wheel, an excruciating form of torture. However, a miracle occurred when Catherine touched the wheel, causing it to shatter. Subsequently, she was beheaded.

Legacy and Veneration

After her death, legend states that angels transported her body to Mount Sinai. In the sixth century, Emperor Justinian established Saint Catherine’s Monastery at this site, which still stands today as one of the world’s oldest monasteries.

In the medieval period, Saint Catherine’s story gained immense popularity, making her one of the most venerated saints, with numerous Renaissance artworks dedicated to her. Her legacy continues in the Catholic and Orthodox Churches, where she is celebrated for her unwavering faith, intellectual prowess, and martyrdom. Her feast day is observed on November 25, and she is the patron saint of students, unmarried girls, apologists, and various other professions and causes. The spiked wheel, associated with her attempted execution, remains a symbol of her martyrdom.

Created On March 25, 2020

Updated On January 26, 2024

ST. CATHERINE Travel Guide
Snow-covered stone cabins on a mountain slope with misty peaks in the background
Retreat into the serene embrace of the mountains, where snow whispers secrets of the highlands
istoric monastery with terracotta roofs nestled among tall cypress trees in a barren desert landscape
Sanctuary Amidst the Sands - A monastery stands as a testament to spiritual solace in the harsh desert environment

Lost your password?

Welcome’ as often as the Egyptians, and each time, they truly mean it.


34 Central St. From Road 9, Moqattam – Cairo, Egypt 11571


+20 2 25050550, 25050551, 25050552

Company Official Name:

Online Era



Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in


184 Mayfield St. Hopewell
Junction, NY 12533